A “constitution” Constitution, refers to the document to set out the basic scheme of legal framework including the principal functions and powers of various organs of the government. It is the constitution, that declares the principles of governance.
In other words, constitution is the body of fundamental law, which regulates the state powers, its judicial, political and bureaucratic systems, structure, functions, and Inter relations of governmental organisations organs. The rules are legal as well as include conventions.
A constitution or not merely to confer powers on various organs of the Government, but also it seeks to put those powers under certain controls and restraints. otherwise, It would Joe Paradise, freedom of people, and lead to an authoritarian or oppressive comment. A good constitution preserves basic freedoms of individuals and it maintains their dignity and personality, ensures them fundamental freedoms etc., and lays down the decentralisation of powers.
In dictatorial states the Constitution is normally ruler oriented, whereas in democratic and welfare states the constitution seeks welfare, freedom and development for the general public.
What are the salient features of Indian constitution?
Indian Constitution is the largest Constitution ever given to any nation. It's a very comprehensive document and includes many matters which could legitimately be the subject matter of ordinary legislation or administrative action.
Indian Constitution is written like U S Constitution and unwritten and based on conventions , like British constitution as well. The Indian Constitution came into effect on January 26, 1950. Originally, the Constitution contained 395 articles divided into 22 parts and 8 schedules.
What is Article 13 of Indian Constitution?
Article thirteen reserve and ensure the fundamental rights of the citizen of India, it protects the citizens from those laws which can otherwise infringe upon their basic freedoms. Article 13 requires that all amendments and laws enacted by the Parliament must not be ultra-vires of the Constitution of India. on their validity below the Indian Constitution. The Article 13 bestows the power of 'Judicial Review' to the High Courts and Supreme Court of India.
What is the meaning of Judicial Review?
A judicial review is a review of government decisions by the Supreme Court of India or any High Court in India. Under the authority of Judicial Review, a court may invalidate laws , rules, acts and governmental actions which violates the basic features of Indian Constitution.
What is Article 14 & Article 15 of Indian Constitution?
Article 14 is very important Article in Indian Constitution. It deals with Equality before law. The State is duty bound to ensure Rule of Law in the Country. This means that there is no place for discrimination, pick and choose or jungle rule in the state actions. Article 15 says that the State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
What is Article 21 of the Indian Constitution?
Article 21 of Constitution of India is very important as it grants protection of Life and Personal Liberty to the people of India. Article 21 states that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law.” The article 21 secures two fundamental rights, i.e., i) Right to life, and. ii) Right to personal liberty.